James Madison

+ 265 By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt. James Madison


+ 250 If we are to take for the criterion of truth the majority of suffrages, they ought to be gotten from those philosophic and patriotic citizens who cultivate their reason. James Madison


+ 226 What spectacle can be more edifying or more seasonable, than that of Liberty and Learning, each leaning on the other for their mutual and surest support? James Madison


+ 254 A sincere and steadfast co-operation in promoting such a reconstruction of our political system as would provide for the permanent liberty and happiness of the United States. James Madison


+ 242 Learned Institutions ought to be favorite objects with every free people. They throw that light over the public mind which is the best security against crafty and dangerous encroachments on the public liberty. James Madison


+ 241 To the press alone, chequered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression. James Madison


+ 251 In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. James Madison


+ 247 Every nation whose affairs betray a want of wisdom and stability may calculate on every loss which can be sustained from the more systematic policy of its wiser neighbors. James Madison


+ 210 The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to an uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the first object of government. James Madison


+ 265 What is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. James Madison


+ 270 Despotism can only exist in darkness, and there are too many lights now in the political firmament to permit it to remain anywhere, as it has heretofore done, almost everywhere. James Madison


+ 255 I have no doubt but that the misery of the lower classes will be found to abate whenever the Government assumes a freer aspect and the laws favor a subdivision of Property. James Madison


+ 255 What prudent merchant will hazard his fortunes in any new branch of commerce when he knows not that his plans may be rendered unlawful before they can be executed? James Madison


+ 278 There is no maxim, in my opinion, which is more liable to be misapplied, and which, therefore, more needs elucidation, than the current one, that the interest of the majority is the political standard of right and wrong. James Madison


+ 301 All that seems indispensible in stating the account between the dead and the living, is to see that the debts against the latter do not exceed the advances made by the former. James Madison


+ 254 By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt. James Madison


+ 192 The number, the industry, and the morality of the priesthood, and the devotion of the people have been manifestly increased by the total separation of the church from the state. James Madison


+ 227 Union of religious sentiments begets a surprising confidence. James Madison


+ 229 I should not regret a fair and full trial of the entire abolition of capital punishment. James Madison


+ 182 Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. James Madison


+ 185 The internal effects of a mutable policy poisons the blessings of liberty itself. James Madison


+ 257 War contains so much folly, as well as wickedness, that much is to be hoped from the progress of reason. James Madison


+ 248 Any reading not of a vicious species must be a good substitute for the amusements too apt to fill up the leisure of the labouring classes. James Madison


+ 294 Religion flourishes in greater purity, without than with the aid of Government. James Madison


+ 200 War contains so much folly, as well as wickedness, that much is to be hoped from the progress of reason. James Madison


+ 205 Any reading not of a vicious species must be a good substitute for the amusements too apt to fill up the leisure of the labouring classes. James Madison


+ 233 The capacity of the female mind for studies of the highest order cannot be doubted, having been sufficiently illustrated by its works of genius, of erudition, and of science. James Madison


+ 251 The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty. James Madison


+ 212 To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea. James Madison


+ 210 Religious bondage shackles and debilitates the mind and unfits it for every noble enterprise, every expanded prospect. James Madison


+ 194 As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. James Madison


+ 227 As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights. James Madison


+ 249 A pure democracy is a society consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person. James Madison


+ 254 Whenever a youth is ascertained to possess talents meriting an education which his parents cannot afford, he should be carried forward at the public expense. James Madison


+ 206 The personal right to acquire property, which is a natural right, gives to property, when acquired, a right to protection, as a social right. James Madison


+ 264 We are right to take alarm at the first experiment upon our liberties. James Madison


+ 212 The executive has no right, in any case, to decide the question, whether there is or is not cause for declaring war. James Madison


+ 228 Perhaps it is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to provisions against danger, real or pretended, from abroad. James Madison


+ 214 Commercial shackles are generally unjust, oppressive, and impolitic. James Madison


+ 248 Of all the enemies of public liberty, war is perhaps the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. James Madison


+ 265 War should only be declared by the authority of the people, whose toils and treasures are to support its burdens, instead of the government which is to reap its fruits. James Madison


+ 233 The rights of persons, and the rights of property, are the objects, for the protection of which Government was instituted. James Madison


+ 262 America was indebted to immigration for her settlement and prosperity. That part of America which had encouraged them most had advanced most rapidly in population, agriculture and the arts. James Madison


+ 254 And I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion and Government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together. James Madison


+ 202 In no instance have... the churches been guardians of the liberties of the people. James Madison


+ 254 A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people. James Madison


+ 206 Each generation should be made to bear the burden of its own wars, instead of carrying them on, at the expense of other generations. James Madison


+ 238 The loss of liberty at home is to be charged to the provisions against danger, real or imagined, from abroad. James Madison


+ 214 The truth is that all men having power ought to be mistrusted. James Madison


+ 231 The essence of Government is power; and power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will ever be liable to abuse. James Madison


+ 189 A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them. James Madison


+ 218 Let me recommend the best medicine in the world: a long journey, at a mild season, through a pleasant country, in easy stages. James Madison


+ 192 The happy Union of these States is a wonder; their Constitution a miracle; their example the hope of Liberty throughout the world. James Madison


+ 248 The people are the only legitimate fountain of power, and it is from them that the constitutional charter, under which the several branches of government hold their power, is derived. James Madison


+ 202 The class of citizens who provide at once their own food and their own raiment, may be viewed as the most truly independent and happy. James Madison


+ 238 Wherever there is interest and power to do wrong, wrong will generally be done. James Madison


+ 164 All men having power ought to be distrusted to a certain degree. James Madison


+ 206 It is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to the provisions against danger, real or pretended, from abroad. James Madison


+ 200 In Republics, the great danger is, that the majority may not sufficiently respect the rights of the minority. James Madison


+ 203 Philosophy is common sense with big words. James Madison


+ 228 A popular government without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce, or a tragedy, or perhaps both. James Madison


+ 213 Liberty may be endangered by the abuse of liberty, but also by the abuse of power. James Madison


+ 228 Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties, or his possessions. James Madison


+ 239 A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained in arms, is the best most natural defense of a free country. James Madison


+ 524 If men were angels, no government would be necessary. James Madison


+ 267 No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. James Madison


+ 224 The means of defense against foreign danger historically have become the instruments of tyranny at home. James Madison


+ 251 The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms. James Madison


+ 231 The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe with blood for centuries. James Madison


+ 164 The circulation of confidence is better than the circulation of money. James Madison


+ 255 Do not separate text from historical background. If you do, you will have perverted and subverted the Constitution, which can only end in a distorted, bastardized form of illegitimate government. James Madison


+ 227 Americans have the right and advantage of being armed - unlike the citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms. James Madison


+ 235 I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. James Madison


+ 207 Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives. James Madison


+ 256 It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood. James Madison


+ 209 If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy. James Madison